Shtetl

From Academic Kids

A shtetl or shtetele (שטעטל, meaning "little town/city" in Yiddish) was typically a small town or village with a large Jewish population in pre-Holocaust Central Europe and Eastern Europe. Shtetls (Yiddish plural: shtetlach) were mainly found in the areas which constituted the 19th century Pale of Settlement in the Russian Empire, the Congress Kingdom of Poland, Galicia, and Romania. A larger city, like Lemberg or Czernowitz, was called a shtot (שטאָט).

Contents

Famous communities

Traditional names are given, with present-day names and localisations in parentheses.

Shtots

Shtetls

The most famous fictional shtetl is Chelm, the legendary town of fools. Kasrilevke, the setting of many of Sholom Aleichem's stories, and Anatevka, the setting of the musical Fiddler on the Roof (based on other stories of Sholom Aleichem) are other notable fictional shtetls.

See also

External links


de:Schtetl he:שטטל ja:シュテットル

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