United Kingdom general election, 1918

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December 1910 election
1918 election
1922 election

The United Kingdom general election of 1918 held on 14th December 1918, after the Representation of the People Act 1918. It was therefore the first general election at which women could vote. The election was won by a coalition of the Conservatives, most of the Liberals and a few Labour and independent MPs, and produced a government led by David Lloyd George. Labour, led by William Adamson, vastly increased their share of the vote, but only slightly increased their number of seats. They were, however, the main parliamentary opposition. Herbert Henry Asquith's anti-coalition Liberals won few seats. In Ireland, the Irish Parliamentary Party lost almost all their seats, most of which were won by Sinn Féin.

Contents

Results

Party Votes Seats Loss/Gain Share of Vote (%)
Coalition Conservative 3,393,167 332 + 61 32.5
Labour 2,171,230 57 + 15 20.8
Coalition Liberal 1,318,844 127 12.6
Liberal 1,355,398 36 - 236 13.0
Conservative and Labour Unionist 640,985 50 6.1
Sinn Féin 476,458 73 + 73 4.6
Irish Parliamentary Party 226,498 7 - 77 2.2
Coalition NDP 156,834 9 + 9 1.5
Independent Labour 116,322 2 + 2 1.1
Independent 105,261 2 + 2 1.0
National 94,389 2 + 2 0.9
Silver Badge 78,780 1 + 1 0.8
Co-operative 57,785 1 + 1 0.6
Independent Conservative 44,637 1 0.4
Coalition Labour 40,641 4 + 4 0.4
Independent Liberal 24,985 1 + 1 0.2
Agriculturalist 19,412 0 0.2
NDP 17,991 0 0.2
Belfast Labour 12,164 0 0.1
National Socialist 11,013 1 + 1 0.1
Independent Coalition 9,274 1 + 1 0.1
Highland Land League 8,710 0 0.1
Women's 8,614 0 0.1
BSP 8,394 0 0.1
Independent Democratic 8,351 0 0.1
Independent Nationalist 8,183 0 0.1
Socialist Labour 7,567 0 0.1
Scottish Prohibition 5,212 0 0.0
Independent Progressive 5,077 0 0.0
Independent Labour and Agriculturalist 1,927 0 0.0

Total votes cast: 10,434,700. All parties with more than 1,000 votes shown. Coalition Conservative vote is compared with Conservative vote in previous election. In each other case, the non-coalition vote is compared with the party's previous vote.

Ireland

Main article: Irish (UK) general election, 1918

The 1918 United Kingdom general election is seen as a key defining moment in modern Irish history. This is because it saw the overwhelming defeat of the moderate nationalist Irish Parliamentary Party, which had dominated the Irish political landscape since the 1880s, and a landslide victory for the radical Sinn Féin party, which had never previously enjoyed significant electoral success.

The aftermath of the elections saw the convention of an extra-legal parliament, called the First Dáil, by the elected Sinn Féin candidates, and the outbreak of the Irish War of Independence.

See also

External links

Template:British elections

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